The functions of the mind are complex through the different states of mind functioning and malfunctioning. This brings us to this three terms, psychotherapy, psychopathology and Mind Body Problem. Insanity and sanity as well as the role played by the mind as viewed by psychology helps us define and ascertain such differences (Seligman & Csikszentmihalyi,2000). The behavioral view of mind functioning holds that all mental processes are correlated to physical phenomena meaning mental malfunctioning is due to physical disorder as per the medical model theory of psychology. Correction of such mental disorders is through correct diagnosis. Chemical abnormalities such as low serotonin in depression and mood disorders same to physical disorders such as vitamin deficiencies and organ problems are hard to correct. Patient tend to feel specific pain or disorder in certain somatic disorders with no related physical cause example anxiety disorders that come as a result of improper breathing techniques and imbalance in neurotransmitters. Side effects of medications and interaction with certain medications cause abnormal functioning and probable misdiagnosis or drug prescription. Somatic disorders for instance, patients tend to feel pain or discomfort yet there is no evidence of physical cause therefore hard to establish the cause.
Physicians call this a mental processes but not a problem with the patient’s body as many would think. It does not involve the brain in most cases. A psychologists is normally required at this point. Somatoform disorders are mostly caused by the problems in the mind or cases such as hypochondria, post dramatic stress disorder, where a person may just choose to be sick. Neurotic disorders arise from lesser stress disorders such as family, divorce and no physical reasons at all. Phobia and myosphobia are some of the conditions that make some people act disorderly.
Seligman, M. E., & Csikszentmihalyi, M. (2000). Positive psychology: An introduction (Vol. 55, No. 1, p. 5). American Psychological Association.