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Child and Preadolescent Nutrition — Sugar in School Lunches

Research topic: Child and Preadolescent Nutrition — Sugar in School Lunches

Collison, K. S., Zaidi, M. Z., Subhani, S. N., Al-Rubeaan, K., Shoukri, M., & Al-Mohanna, F. A. (2010). Sugar-sweetened carbonated beverage consumption correlates with BMI, waist circumference, and poor dietary choices in school children. BMC public health10(1), 234.

The research hypothesis was that the consumption of carbonated beverages that were sugar-sweetened increased the circumference of the waist and lead to poor choices in dietary in on boys than on girls. The study used a cross-sectional survey design whereby food frequency questionnaire was used. There were 5033 boys and 4400 girls who were within the age of 10 to 19 years participated in the study. Afterward, the circumference of the waist was measured and was tested against the intake of the dietary (Collison et al., 2010). If was found that the obesity prevalence among boys to the girl was 12.2% and 27.0% respectively. Thus the circumference of the waist was positively correlated with the carbonated beverages that were sugar-sweetened beverages on the intake of boys only and the results were valid. Therefore, the study is suitable for my research to in that it contributes to development of literature and background regarding dietary choices among children.

Colby, S. E., Johnson, L., Scheett, A., & Hoverson, B. (2010). Nutrition marketing on food labels. Journal of nutrition education and behavior42(2), 92-98.

The hypothesis of the study was food labels may help customers when selecting foods that contain low saturation of fats and sugars. A ross-sectional survey was conducted where all items were packed in selected food stores were evaluated. These items were labels up to 56900 and the nutrition was surveyed. Colby et al., (2010) explained that 49% of the products had marketing nutrition and the other 48% contained both the marketing nutrition that was highly saturated with fats and sugars. Study findings were valid and verifiable. It was concluded that industry symbols were not helpful in ensuring that customers could easily choose low fats and low sugar foods. This is significant to my research in that it contributes to the explanation of what influences decision making in regard to choice of foods among children.

Kim, Y., & Chang, H. (2011). Correlation between attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and sugar consumption, quality of diet, and dietary behavior in school children. Nutrition research and practice5(3), 236-245.

The hypothesis was that there was a relationship between consumed sugars and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder of hyperactivity among school children. A cross-sectional survey involving 112 students where 58 were boys while 54 were girls was conducted (Kim & Chang, 2011). Data was collected using a questionnaire that was administered individually. It was found that the children who had the disorder of hyperactivity were always inattentive and impulsive. The disorder was around 9 time’s common in boys than in girls. I find that the content of the study arguments was validated and the sample size was adequate. Therefore, it is helpful in my research to ensure in that it helps in clarification of the possible correlation between high fat and sugar meals with some of the medical conditions among children.

O’Neil, C. E., Nicklas, T. A., Zanovec, M., & Fulgoni, V. L. (2011). Diet quality is positively associated with 100% fruit juice consumption in children and adults in the United States: NHANES 2003-2006. Nutrition journal10(1), 17.

The hypothesis of the study was consumption of fruit juice increases the quality of diet in children and adults. The study used the descriptive analysis of 2003-2006 survey of National Health and Nutrition Examination to evaluate the relationship consumption of fruit juice with the quality of diet (O’Neil et al., 2011). The results were analyzed using the regression analyses and the standard errors method to determine the weights of the participants. It was found that the there was a high association between the energy intake and the saturation of fats. It was also established that children consumed high salt and sugar food beyond the allowed limits. The study is beneficial in my research in that it points out that there is a problem to be addressed concerning preadolescent nutrition.

Edwards, J. U., Mauch, L., & Winkelman, M. R. (2011). Relationship of nutrition and

physical behaviors and fitness measures to academic performance for sixth graders in a midwest city school district. Journal of School Health81(2), 65-73.

The hypothesis of the study was that aspects such as physical fitness, nutrition and fitness measures lead to improved academic performance. The research used an experimental design where the students were required to complete a youth risk behavior surveillance survey that assessed the fitness. The results were in turn matched with the standardized scores thus were valid. In addition, the difference in the mean scores was put into comparison with the categories that were selected in order to analyze the variance. Edward, Mauch & Winkelman, (2011) illustrated that there were many positive behaviors and measures for fitness that were highly associated with the academic scores thus supporting the schools to focus on the lifestyles that were healthy. The study did not have any loss to follow up although participants were not randomized. The research contributes to my research in that it makes my case on the value of good nutrition practices on school going children.

References

Colby, S. E., Johnson, L., Scheett, A., & Hoverson, B. (2010). Nutrition marketing on food labels. Journal of nutrition education and behavior42(2), 92-98.

Collison, K. S., Zaidi, M. Z., Subhani, S. N., Al-Rubeaan, K., Shoukri, M., & Al-Mohanna, F. A. (2010). Sugar-sweetened carbonated beverage consumption correlates with BMI, waist circumference, and poor dietary choices in school children. BMC public health10(1), 234.

Edwards, J. U., Mauch, L., & Winkelman, M. R. (2011). Relationship of nutrition and physical activity behaviors and fitness measures to academic performance for sixth graders in a midwest city school district. Journal of School Health81(2), 65-73.

Kim, Y., & Chang, H. (2011). Correlation between attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and sugar consumption, quality of diet, and dietary behavior in school children. Nutrition research and practice5(3), 236-245.

O’Neil, C. E., Nicklas, T. A., Zanovec, M., & Fulgoni, V. L. (2011). Diet quality is positively associated with 100% fruit juice consumption in children and adults in the United States: NHANES 2003-2006. Nutrition journal10(1), 17.

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